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Toxicant and Disease Database

The CHE Toxicant and Disease Database is a searchable database that summarizes links between chemical contaminants and approximately 180 human diseases or conditions. Diseases and or toxicants can be viewed by utilizing the search options below. See a full description of the database and its limitations.

See also CHE's compilation of other Databases and Resources

For questions or comments about the database, please contact Nancy Hepp through our Contact form.

Osteoporosis

Causes    Grouped by strength of evidence

Strong Evidence

cadmium

Good Evidence

fluoride

tobacco smoke (active smoking)

Limited Evidence

lead

Notes

Lead accumulates in bone and increased exposure may result in women during times of increased bone turnover (e.g. pregnancy, lactation, and menopause)