Toxicant and Disease Database
The CHE Toxicant and Disease Database is a searchable database that summarizes links between chemical contaminants and approximately 180 human diseases or conditions. Diseases and or toxicants can be viewed by utilizing the search options below. See a full description of the database and our methodology.
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Acute tubular necrosis
Causes Grouped by strength of evidence
Cigarette smokers have double the cadmium exposure of non-smokers resulting in 4-5 times higher blood cadmium levels and 2-3 times higher kidney cadmium levels. In nonsmokers, the main route of exposure to cadmium is through the diet. Inorganic mercury salts are most nephrotoxic. Methanol toxicity is due to the formation of formaldehyde and formate metabolic products. Pentachlorophenol (PCP) causes reversible decreased renal function at subtoxic doses. Arsine causes hemolysis and ATN secondary to hemoglobinuria. Toluene has been implicated as a nephrotoxin in inhalation abuse of solvents and glue.