Toxicant and Disease Database
The CHE Toxicant and Disease Database is a searchable database that summarizes links between chemical contaminants and approximately 180 human diseases or conditions. Diseases and or toxicants can be viewed by utilizing the search options below. See a full description of the database and our methodology.
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CAS number: 1332-21-4
Diseases linked to this toxicant Grouped by strength of evidence
Pleural disease (effusions, plaques, thickening)
Autoimmune antibodies (positive ANA, anti-DNA, RF, etc.)
Becker N, Berger J, Bolm-Audorff U. Asbestos exposure and malignant lymphomas -- a review of the epidemiological literature. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health. 2001;74:459-469.
Browne K, Gee JB. Asbestos exposure and laryngeal cancer. Annals of Occupational Hygiene. 2000 Jun;44(4)239-250.
De Vuyst P, Camus P. The past and present of pneumoconioses. Current Opinions in Pulmonary Medicine. 2000 Mar;6(2):151-6.
Gottschall EB. Occupational and environmental thoracic malignancies. Journal of Thoracic Imaging. 2002 Jul; 17:189-197.
Holly EA, Aston DA, Ahn DK, Smith AH. Intraocular melanoma linked to occupations and chemical exposures. Epidemiology. 1996 Jan;7(1):55-61.
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). Agents Classified by the IARC Monographs. Accessed in 2010.
Klaassen CD, Ed. Casarett and Doull's Toxicology: The Basic Science of Poisons, 6th Edition. New York: McGraw-Hill 2001.
LaDou J, Ed. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 3rd Edition. New York: Lange Medical/McGraw-Hill Company, 2004.
Rom WM. Environmental and Occupational Medicine, 3rd Edition. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Publishers, 1998.
NOTE: Not all the references are currently available, but they will be added as soon as possible. If you need a reference and are unable to find it, please contact us through our contact form