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Toxicant and Disease Database

The CHE Toxicant and Disease Database is a searchable database that summarizes links between chemical contaminants and approximately 180 human diseases or conditions. Diseases and or toxicants can be viewed by utilizing the search options below. See a full description of the database and its limitations.

See also CHE's compilation of other Databases and Resources

For questions or comments about the database, please contact Nancy Hepp through our Contact form.

benzene

CAS number: 71-43-2

Diseases linked to this toxicant    Grouped by strength of evidence

Strong Evidence

Acute non-lymphocytic leukemia

Anemia (including hemolytic)

Aplastic anemia

Immune suppression

Myelodysplastic syndrome (pre-leukemia)

Thrombocytopenia

Good Evidence

Arrhythmias

Autoimmune antibodies (positive ANA, anti-DNA, RF, etc.)

Hearing loss

Menstrual disorders (abnormal bleeding, short cycles, long cycles, irregular cycles, painful periods)

Preterm delivery

Renal (kidney) cancer

Scleroderma

Limited Evidence

Acute lymphocytic leukemia

Asthma - irritant

Bone cancer/Ewings sarcoma

Brain cancer - adult

Breast cancer

Breast cancer

Cardiac congenital malformations

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia

Gallbladder cancer

Hepatocellular cancer (liver cancer)

Lung cancer

Lymphoma (non-Hodgkin's)

Multiple myeloma

Nasopharyngeal / sino-nasal cancer

Neural tube defects / CNS malformations

Peripheral neuropathy

References

DeBruin LS, Josephy PD. Perspectives on the chemical etiology of breast cancer. Environmental Health Perspectives. 2002 Feb;110 Suppl 1:119-28.

Hardell L, Lindström G, van Bavel B, Fredrikson M, Liljegren G. Some aspects of the etiology of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Environmental Health Perspectives. 1998 Apr;106(Suppl 2):679-681.

Hu J, Mao Y, White K. Renal cell carcinoma and occupational exposure to chemicals in Canada. Occupational Medicine (Oxford, England). 2002 May;52(3):157-64.

International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). Agents Classified by the IARC Monographs. Accessed in 2010.

Klaassen CD, Ed. Casarett and Doull's Toxicology: The Basic Science of Poisons, 6th Edition. New York: McGraw-Hill 2001.

Kukull WA, Larson EB et al. Solvent exposure as a risk factor for Alzheimer's disease: a case-control study. American Journal of Epidemiology. 1995 Jun 1;141(11):1059-71; discussion 1072-9.

LaDou J, Ed. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 3rd Edition. New York: Lange Medical/McGraw-Hill Company, 2004.

Leikin JB, Davis A, Klodd DA, Thunder T, Kelafant GA, Paquette DL, Rothe MJ, Rubin R. Selected topics related to occupational exposures. Part V. Occupational cardiovascular disease. Disease-a-Month. 2000 Apr;46(4):311-322.

Lynge E, Anttila A, Hemminki K. Organic solvents and cancer. Cancer Causes and Control. 1997 May;8(3):406-19.

Maves MD. Epidemiologic studies of environmental agents and systemic autoimmune diseases. Environmental Health Perspectives. 1999 Oct;107 Suppl 5:743-8.

Rom WM. Environmental and Occupational Medicine, 3rd Edition. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Publishers, 1998.

NOTE: Not all the references are currently available, but they will be added as soon as possible. If you need a reference and are unable to find it, please contact us through our contact form