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News and announcements related to environmental impacts on human health, collected from a multitude of sources, especially Environmental Health News. For additional items or to subscribe to this feed, visit healthandenvironment.org/CHE.xml.

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Regular brisk walks and a daily longer one help lower office workers' blood lipids.

June 26, 2017

Taking 2-minute brisk walks every 30 minutes and a half-hour walk each day reduces blood lipid levels when measured in response to a meal consumed around 24 hours after starting the activity, research shows for the first time. ScienceDaily.

Rising seas could result in 2 billion refugees by 2100.

June 26, 2017

Earth's escalating population is expected to top 9 billion people by 2050 and climb to 11 billion people by 2100, according to a United Nations report. Feeding that population will require more arable land even as swelling oceans consume fertile coastal zones and river deltas, driving people to seek new places to dwell. ScienceDaily.

The short-term effect of particulate matter on cardiorespiratory drug prescription, as a proxy of mild adverse events.

June 26, 2017

Focusing on drug purchases, we reached sufficient statistical power to study PM10 effect outside large urban areas and conclude that short-term increments in PM10 concentrations might cause mild cardiorespiratory disease episodes. Environmental Research.

Chronic arsenic exposure and risk of carotid artery disease: the Strong Heart Study.

June 26, 2017

Urine arsenic was positively associated with carotid intima media thickness and increased plaque score later in life although the association was small. The relationship between urinary arsenic and the presence of plaque was not statistically significant when adjusted for other risk factors. Environmental Research.

The role of traffic noise on the association between air pollution and children's lung function.

June 26, 2017

Adjustment for noise strengthened the association between oxides of nitrogen and reduced lung function. Environmental Research.

Four phases of the Flint water crisis: evidence from blood lead levels in children.

June 26, 2017

The objective of this work is to estimate water-lead attributable movements in child blood lead levels (BLLs) that correspond with the four phases in the Flint Water Crisis. Environmental Research.

Urinary organophosphate insecticide metabolite concentrations during pregnancy and children's interpersonal, communication, repetitive, and stereotypic behaviors at 8 years of age: the HOME study.

June 26, 2017

In this cohort, prenatal urinary DAP concentrations were not associated with children's social behaviors; these associations were not modified by child PON1 genotype. Environmental Research.

Reports of side effects with cosmetics increasing.

June 26, 2017

The three most commonly reported products were hair care, skin care and tattoos. Products that most often involved reports of serious health problems were baby items, which accounted for about half of these cases, followed by personal cleanliness supplies, hair care and hair color. Reuters.

Climate and the eye: case-crossover analysis of retinal detachment after exposure to ambient heat.

June 26, 2017

Exposure to elevated temperature the preceding week was associated with a higher likelihood of traction detachment, but not other forms of retinal detachment. Environmental Research.

Effects of intermediate frequency magnetic fields on male fertility indicators in mice.

June 26, 2017

No adverse effects on fertility indicators were observed. Increased sperm motility is an interesting finding that needs to be confirmed in further studies. Environmental Research.

Psychosocial stress and obesity among children residing in Kaunas City.

June 26, 2017

Pathological mother-child relations, lower parental education levels, and smoking may be predictors of children's overweight/obesity. Measures oriented towards health behavior and psychosocial stress management should be encouraged among parents in order to decrease the risk of overweight/obesity in their children. Environmental Research.

Maternal and infant inflammatory markers in relation to prenatal arsenic exposure in a US pregnancy cohort.

June 26, 2017

Our observations indicate that As exposure during pregnancy may affect markers of vascular health and endothelial function in both pregnant women and children, and suggest further investigation of the potential impacts on cardiovascular health in these susceptible populations. Environmental Research.

The association between ambient fine particulate matter and incident adenocarcinoma subtype of lung cancer.

June 26, 2017

Increased risk of adenocarcinoma was observed for each 10 μg/m3 increment in ambient PM2.5 concentrations. The risk was higher among those without prevalent non-melanoma skin cancer and those who spent more than 1 h/day outdoors. Environmental Health.

Drinking water salinity and raised blood pressure: evidence from a cohort study in coastal Bangladesh.

June 26, 2017

Drinking-water sodium is an important source of daily sodium intake in salinity-affected areas and is a risk factor for hypertension. Environmental Health Perspectives.

Canada's tree-mendous discovery: forests limit harmful ozone gas.

June 26, 2017

Forests, with their canopy of leaves and their wind resistance, significantly decrease ozone production. This effect extends far into the sky above forests. Even at a height of three or four kilometres, there is sometimes 40 per cent less ozone over forests. National Observer.

Fungal toxins from wallpaper source of illness says new research.

June 26, 2017

According to a new study, there are several toxins from fungi that could be released into the air indoors and the source could be fungi living in the wall papers. These may lead to serious health problems say researchers. News Medical.

European Union further restricts four phthalates.

June 26, 2017

The Socio-Economic Analysis Committee of the European Chemicals Agency voted on June 20 in favor of restricting most uses of the chemicals [butylbenzyl phthalate (BBP), di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), dibutyl phthalate (DBP), and diisobutyl phthalate (DIBP)] under the EU’s Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH) law. Chemical & Engineering News.

“Black soils”—excessive use of arsenic, cadmium, lead, mercury…

June 26, 2017

Excess nitrogen and trace metals such as arsenic, cadmium, lead and mercury can impair plant metabolism and cut crop productivity, ultimately putting pressure on arable land, the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) on 23 June informed. Inter Press Service.

Trump proposes dumping protections for shipyard, construction workers.

June 26, 2017

The federal Occupational Safety and Health Administration announced Friday that it would preserve a new limit for exposure to beryllium, which is 10 times lower than the previous standard. But the agency proposed eliminating new requirements for shipbuilding and construction industries to monitor beryllium levels, provide workers with medical testing for illnesses and provide protective equipment and clothing. Center for Investigative Reporting.

Light penalties and lax oversight encourage weak safety culture at nuclear weapons labs.

June 26, 2017

Explosions, fires, and radioactive exposures are among the workplace hazards that fail to make a serious dent in private contractor profits. Center for Public Integrity.

Glyphosate listed effective July 7, 2017, as known to the State of California to cause cancer.

June 26, 2017

Monsanto's challenge was unsuccessful in the trial court. Although the case has been appealed, no stay of the listing has been granted. California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment.

Inspector General: EPA must evaluate impact of chemical mixtures.

June 25, 2017

A new report released last week by the US Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Office of the Inspector General finds that the agency must collect and assess information on chemical mixtures and potential synergistic effects in order to improve oversight over pesticide registrations and management of developing herbicide resistance. Beyond Pesticides Daily News Blog.

Bug spray accumulation in the home.

June 25, 2017

Pyrethroids, a common household pesticide known to cause skin irritation, headache, dizziness and nausea, persists in the home for up over one year, a new investigation has found. ScienceDaily.

EPA axes 38 more science advisers, cancels panel meetings.

June 25, 2017

US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Administrator Scott Pruitt continues to clean house at a key advisory committee, signaling plans to drop several dozen current members of the Board of Scientific Counselors (BOSC), according to an email yesterday from a senior agency official. Science.

Genes, ozone, and autism.

June 25, 2017

Exposure to ozone in the environment puts individuals with high levels of genetic variation at an even higher risk for developing autism than would be expected just by adding the two risk factors together, a new analysis shows. ScienceDaily.

Job opening: Seattle, Washington.

June 25, 2017

Local Hazardous Waste Management Program in King County seeks an Environmental Scientist III to be part of a four-member research team that ensures program services are grounded in scientific evidence. The position plays a key role identifying, collecting, and applying scientific data to program services and policy initiatives. Applications are due by July 12th.

Call for nominations: Evaluation of Report on Potential Long-term Health Effects on Army Test Subjects.

June 25, 2017

An ad hoc committee will evaluate the report Assessment of Potential Long-term Health Effects on Army Human Test Subjects of Relevant Biological and Chemical Agents, Drugs, Medications and Substances: Literature Review and Analysis. The committee will determine whether the report appropriately identifies potential long-term health effects from exposure during testing and uses an adequate weight-of-evidence approach to characterize the strength of association between agents and their potential effects. Nominations are due by July 7th.

Trump EPA weakens TSCA rules to favor chemical industry.

June 24, 2017

The final rules introduce loopholes that could allow EPA to ignore important exposure routes and chemical product uses. This opens the door for EPA to disregard exposures to the most vulnerable and susceptible populations such as pregnant women and children or highly-exposed workers, which the Toxics Substances Control Act (TSCA) had sought to protect. NRDC Expert Blog.

Acetaminophen during pregnancy can inhibit masculinity.

June 24, 2017

Paracetamol (acetaminophen) during pregnancy can inhibit the development of 'male behavior' in mice. New research shows that it can reduce sex drive and aggressive behavior. ScienceDaily.

Prenatal exposure to antifungal medication may change anogenital distance in male offspring: a preliminary study.

June 22, 2017

Our preliminary findings prompted us to hypothesize that maternal use of conazole antifungal medication during pregnancy may affect the masculinization of male offspring. If confirmed, pregnant women should be advised to use antifungal medicine with caution. Environmental Health.