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News and Announcements

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Topic-specific News

Items specific to any of the topics in the What We Know section of this site are displayed in the left sidebar of those pages. The same is true for our ScienceServ and Special Partnerships pages.

News and announcements related to environmental impacts on human health, collected from a multitude of sources, especially Environmental Health News. For additional items or to subscribe to this feed, visit healthandenvironment.org/CHE.xml.

CHE offers this information as a service but does not endorse any of the events, articles or announcements.

Prenatal exposure to antifungal medication may change anogenital distance in male offspring: a preliminary study.

June 22, 2017

Our preliminary findings prompted us to hypothesize that maternal use of conazole antifungal medication during pregnancy may affect the masculinization of male offspring. If confirmed, pregnant women should be advised to use antifungal medicine with caution. Environmental Health.

Impact of phthalate and BPA exposure during in utero windows of susceptibility on reproductive hormones and sexual maturation in peripubertal males.

June 22, 2017

Associations between in utero phthalate and BPA exposure and peripubertal measures of male reproductive development are dependent on the timing of that exposure during gestation. These findings suggest that future epidemiological studies relating in utero EDC exposure to pubertal outcomes should consider windows of susceptibility. Environmental Health.

Plasma perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances concentration and menstrual cycle characteristics in preconception women.

June 22, 2017

Pre-pregnant women with higher levels of log-transformed perfluorooctanate (PFOA), perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA), and perfluorohexanesulfonate (PFHxS) had increased odds of self-reported history of irregular menstrual cycle. Environmental Health Perspectives.

Bladder cancer and water disinfection by-product exposures through multiple routes: a population-based case–control study (New England, USA).

June 22, 2017

We observed a modest association between ingestion of water with higher trihalomethanes (>95th percentile vs.<25th percentile) and bladder cancer. Environmental Health Perspectives.

What does disturbing new Lake Erie report mean for you?

June 22, 2017

According to the EPA, drinking water quality remains "good" and "unchanging" so long as it continues to be treated. Beaches are also safe for swimming, so long as people pay attention to bacteria warnings. As for fish, the EPA recommends limiting consumption. They report levels of PCBs and mercury have risen slowly, affecting edible fish. WKYC.com.
[See the report: State of the Great Lakes 2017]

Study: states with legalized marijuana see increase in car crash claims.

June 22, 2017

The Highway Loss Data Institute, a leading insurance research group, said in study results released Thursday that collision claims in Colorado, Washington, and Oregon went up 2.7 percent in the years since legal recreational marijuana sales began when compared with surrounding states. The Cannabist.

New report: Preventing Cognitive Decline and Dementia: A Way Forward.

June 22, 2017

The National Institute on Aging (NIA) initiated this study with the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to take stock of the current state of knowledge on interventions for preventing cognitive decline and dementia, to help shape the messages NIA conveys to the broader public about these conditions, and to inform future actions and research in this area.

the National Institute on Aging (NIA) initiated this study with the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to take stock of the current state of knowledge on interventions for preventing cognitive decline and dementia, to help shape the messages NIA conveys to the broader public about these conditions, and to inform future actions and research in this area.the National Institute on Aging (NIA) initiated this study with the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to take stock of the current state of knowledge on interventions for preventing cognitive decline and dementia, to help shape the messages NIA conveys to the broader public about these conditions, and to inform future actions and research in this area.
the National Institute on Aging (NIA) initiated this study with the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to take stock of the current state of knowledge on interventions for preventing cognitive decline and dementia, to help shape the messages NIA conveys to the broader public about these conditions, and to inform future actions and research in this area.
the National Institute on Aging (NIA) initiated this study with the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to take stock of the current state of knowledge on interventions for preventing cognitive decline and dementia, to help shape the messages NIA conveys to the broader public about these conditions, and to inform future actions and research in this area.

WHO radiofrequency radiation policy.

June 22, 2017

In a critique of the World Health Organization's pending review of the adverse health effects of wireless (i.e., radio frequency or RF) radiation, Dr. Lennart Hardell provides an historical overview of WHO's EMF Project, WHO's relationship to the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP), and the relationships of both organizations to the military and electric and telecom industries. Electromagnetic Radiation News.
[See the critique: World Health Organization, radiofrequency radiation and health—a hard nut to crack]

New material could filter water contaminants that others miss.

June 21, 2017

In tests, the polymer removed 95 percent of PFOA from water; activated carbon removed only a little over 50 percent. The polymer kept working even alongside common chemicals in the water that often dampen activated carbon’s effectiveness. Science News.

Why asthma is a housing issue.

June 21, 2017

A bill introduced to New York's City Council would compel landlords to eradicate mold, vermin, and other asthma triggers that are particularly pervasive in low-rent units. CityLab.

Extra-virgin olive oil preserves memory, protects brain against Alzheimer's.

June 21, 2017

In a new study, researchers show that consumption of extra-virgin olive oil protects memory and learning ability and reduces the formation of amyloid-beta plaques and neurofibrillary tangles in the brain—classic markers of Alzheimer's disease. ScienceDaily.

New resource: Community-Engaged Research and Citizen Science.

June 21, 2017

NIEHS program officers Liam O’Fallon and Symma Finn have developed a conceptual framework that illustrates the similarities and differences between community-led citizen science efforts and academically-driven research projects.

Call for proposals: Housing Preservation Grants.

June 21, 2017

Grants from the Department of Agriculture Rural Development Program provide funds to sponsoring organizations for the repair or rehabilitation of housing occupied by low- and very low-income people. Proposals are due by July 17, 2017.

New report: Twin Demons: The Trump-Bannon Assault on Our Safeguards.

June 21, 2017

In this paper, Tomain observes that Trump's two executive orders taking aim at both existing and future safeguards for health, safety, and the environment suffer from significant constitutional problems.

New report: Regulatory Reform in the Trump Era

June 21, 2017

In response to the growing demand for unbiased answers and analysis on how deregulatory initiatives by the new administration and Congress will impact environmental protection, governance, and the rule of law, the Environmental Law Institute (ELI) released this report in March.

EPA just gave notice to dozens of scientific advisory board members that their time is up.

June 20, 2017

EPA officials said the fact that many advisers’ terms were ending provided an opportunity to reach out to a broad array of applicants and draw on their expertise. Washington Post.

Study of oil and gas drilling finds pollution and connections to earthquakes.

June 20, 2017

Oil and gas drilling in Texas shale plays pollutes the air, erodes soil and contaminates water, while the disposal of millions of gallons of wastewater causes earthquakes, a consortium of the state's top scientists concluded. Houston Chronicle.
[See the study: Environmental and Community Impacts of Shale Development in Texas]

A re-assessment of the safety of silver in household water treatment: rapid systematic review of mammalian in vivo genotoxicity studies.

June 20, 2017

With the available evidence it is not possible to be definitive about risks to human health from oral exposure to silver particulates. However, the balance of evidence suggests that there should be concerns especially when considering the evidence from jewellery workers. Environmental Health.

Use of mobile and cordless phones and change in cognitive function: a prospective cohort analysis of Australian primary school children.

June 20, 2017

Our study shows that a larger proportion of children used cordless phones (CPs) compared to mobile phones (MPs). We found limited evidence that change in the use of MPs or CPs in primary school children was associated with change in cognitive function. Environmental Health.

New issue: Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology

June 20, 2017

Papers in this issue include studies of occupational exposures, uranium mines, pesticides in agriculture and in house dust, nanoparticles, electromagnetic fields, black carbon, asbestos, nickel compounds and PCBs.

Lessons learned on health adaptation to climate variability and change: experiences across low- and middle-income countries.

June 20, 2017

Our analyses highlight that, irrespective of resource constraints, ministries of health and other institutions working on climate-related health issues in low- and middle-income countries need to continue to prepare themselves to prevent additional health burdens in the context of a changing climate and socioeconomic development patterns. Environmental Health Perspectives.

Folate deficiency as predisposing factor for childhood leukaemia: a review of the literature.

June 20, 2017

Overall, maternal folic acid supplementation before and during pregnancy seems to confer protection against the risk of childhood leukaemia in the offspring. The optimal folic acid requirements and supplementation doses need to be established, especially in conjunction with other vitamins in order to determine the most successful combinations of nutrients to maintain genomic health and wellbeing. Genes & Nutrition.

Replacement for worrisome flame retardants raises its own concerns.

June 20, 2017

Examining the impacts of increased corn production on groundwater quality using a coupled modeling system.

June 20, 2017

This study demonstrates the value of a coupled chemical transport modeling system for investigating groundwater nitrate contamination responses associated with nitrogen (N) fertilizer application and increased corn production. Science of the Total Environment.

A genome-wide trans-ethnic interaction study links the PIGR-FCAMR locus to coronary atherosclerosis via interactions between genetic variants and residential exposure to traffic.

June 20, 2017

We have uncovered several novel genes associated with coronary atherosclerosis in individuals chronically exposed to increased ambient concentrations of traffic air pollution. These genes point towards inflammatory pathways that may modify the effects of air pollution on cardiovascular disease risk. PLoS One.

The Florence Statement on Triclosan and Triclocarban.

June 20, 2017

This statement documents a consensus of more than 200 scientists and medical professionals on the hazards of and lack of demonstrated benefit from common uses of triclosan and triclocarban. Environmental Health Perspectives.

New report finds EPA’s Science to Achieve Results grants program provides numerous public benefits.

June 19, 2017

EPA's STAR grants program has played an integral role in addressing environmental and human health research priorities that help improve air and drinking water quality and protect children’s health, among other outcomes, says a new report by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.
[See the report: A Review of the Environmental Protection Agency's Science to Achieve Results Research Program]

Short-term air pollution exposure decreases lung function: a repeated measures study in healthy adults.

June 19, 2017

We found negative associations between daily variations in ambient air pollution and forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV1) and peak expiratory flow (PEF) in healthy adults. Environmental Health.

Air pollution, cardiovascular endpoints and susceptibility by stress and material resources: a systematic review of the evidence.

June 19, 2017

Further studies are warranted to investigate how air pollution and socioeconomic position (SEP) together may influence CVD. We recommend that such research include thorough assessment of air pollution and SEP correlations, including spatial correlation; investigate air pollution indices or multi-pollutant models; use standardized metrics of SEP to enhance comparability across studies; and evaluate potentially susceptible populations. Environmental Health.

Effects of radon and UV exposure on skin cancer mortality in Switzerland.

June 19, 2017

Risk of malignant melanoma death associated with residential UV exposure was higher for individuals engaged in outdoor work with UV exposure, though not statistically significantly different compared to not working outdoors. Environmental Health Perspectives.