graphic from the US Department of Health and Human Services
From Maggie's Birth Defects document:
The annual cost of non-medical care and medical care for a child with an autism spectrum disorder (a functional birth defect if present at birth) are approximately $14,000 and $3000 respectively, with over $8000 of the non-medical care cost going to specialized education.(73,74) Children with ADHD incur medical and loss of work costs three times those of children without ADHD and are more likely to have major injuries, asthma, and hospital inpatient and outpatient care.(75,76) A study by Allison Russo and Anne Elixhauser found that the 139,000 hospital stays caused by birth defects in 2004 cost $2.6 billion in hospital cost alone. Of that, $1.4 billion was spent on heart defect hospital care.(77)
73. Lavelle TA et al. Economic burden of childhood autism spectrum disorders. Pediatrics. March 2014; 133(3):e520–9. Viewed August 13, 2016.
74. National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities. Facts About ASDs. CDC. March 28 2016. Viewed August 9 2016.
75. Swensen et al. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: increased costs for patients and their families. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. December 2003; 42(12):1415–23. Viewed August 16, 2016.
76. Chan E et al. Health care use and costs for children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: national estimates from the medical expenditure panel survey. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. May 2002; 156(5):504–11. Viewed August 22, 2016.
77. Russo CA, Elixhauser A. Hospitalizations for Birth Defects, 2004. Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) Statistical Briefs. January 2007; 24. Viewed July 28, 2016.
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