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Announcements/News Feed

News and announcements related to environmental impacts on human health, collected from a multitude of sources, especially Environmental Health News. To subscribe to this feed, visit healthandenvironment.org/CHE.xml.

CHE offers this information as a service but does not endorse any of the events, articles or announcements.

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More events are listed in a searchable calendar. The calendar now includes calls for proposals and for presentation abstracts.

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Items from the previous two months or so are archived on the news feed subscription page.

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IOM Webcast February 5th: Public Health and Health Care.
Wednesday, January 28, 2015event
This workshop explores the relationship between public health and health care in different contexts and with an examination of opportunities, challenges, and practical lessons.

Variation in urinary flow rates according to demographic characteristics and body mass index in NHANES: potential confounding of associations between health outcomes and urinary biomarker concentrations.
Wednesday, January 28, 2015journal article
Urinary flow rate (UFR) and bodyweight-adjusted UFR exhibit systematic variations with age, sex, race/ethnicity, and BMI category. These variations can confound assessments of potential exposure-health outcome associations based on urinary concentration. Analyte excretion rates are valuable exposure metrics in such assessments. Environmental Health Perspectives.

Air pollution and atherosclerosis: a cross-sectional analysis of four European cohort studies in the ESCAPE study.
Wednesday, January 28, 2015journal article
Using a standardized exposure and analytical protocol in four European cohorts, cross-sectional associations between intima-media thickness of the common carotid artery and the eight ESCAPE markers of long-term residential air pollution exposure did not reach statistical significance. Environmental Health Perspectives.

Metro nature, environmental health, and economic value.
Wednesday, January 28, 2015journal article
We reviewed the literature on urban nature-based health and well-being benefits and provide a classification schematic, then propose potential economic values associated with metro nature services. Environmental Health Perspectives.

A study of the combined effects of physical activity and air pollution on mortality in elderly urban residents: the Danish Diet, Cancer, and Health Cohort.
Wednesday, January 28, 2015journal article
In general, exposure to high levels of traffic-related air pollution did not modify associations indicating beneficial effects of physical activity on mortality. Environmental Health Perspectives.

Environmental, dietary, maternal, and fetal predictors of bulky DNA adducts in cord blood: a European Mother-Child study (NewGeneris).
Wednesday, January 28, 2015journal article
Bulky DNA adducts reflect genotoxic exposures, have been associated with lower birthweight and may predict cancer risk. These findings suggest that a combination of factors, including unknown country-specific factors, influence the bulky DNA adduct levels in neonates. Environmental Health Perspectives.

Prenatal air pollution exposure and newborn blood pressure.
Wednesday, January 28, 2015journal article
Exposures to PM2.5 and black carbon in late pregnancy were positively associated with newborn systolic blood pressure (SBP), while ozone was negatively associated with SBP. Environmental Health Perspectives.

EPA seeks input on federal plan for regulating greenhouse gas emissions from power plants.
Wednesday, January 28, 2015announcement
EPA seeks self-nominations directly from the small entities that may be subject to the rule requirements. Other representatives, such as trade associations that exclusively or at least primarily represent potentially regulated small entities, may also serve as SERs.

Mobile phone and cordless phone use and the risk for glioma -- analysis of pooled case-control studies in Sweden, 1997-2003 and 2007-2009.
Wednesday, January 28, 2015journal article
The odds ratio (OR) increased statistically significant both per 100 h of cumulative use, and per year of latency for mobile and cordless phone use. First use of mobile or cordless phone before the age of 20 gave higher OR for glioma than in later age groups. Pathophysiology.

Beauty products may trigger early menopause.
Wednesday, January 28, 2015news article
In one of the most comprehensive looks at possible menopause-disruptors to date, researchers led by Dr. Amber Cooper, from the department of obstetrics and gynecology at Washington University in St. Louis, report in the journal PLOS ONE that such exposure can push menopause up by as much as four years. Time.
[See the study: Persistent organic pollutants and early menopause in U.S. women]

Beer compound could help fend off Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases.
Wednesday, January 28, 2015news article
A compound from hops could protect brain cells from damage -- and potentially slow the development of disorders such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases. ScienceDaily.
[See the study: Xanthohumol, a polyphenol chalcone present in hops, activating Nrf2 enzymes to confer protection against oxidative damage in PC12 cells]

Job opening: New York City.
Wednesday, January 28, 2015job
The Marine & Environmental Research Institute is seeking an experienced development professional with strong fundraising and communication skills to fill the position of Development Director.

New report: Sharing Clinical Trial Data: Maximizing Benefits, Minimizing Risk.
Wednesday, January 28, 2015announcement
In response to 23 public- and private-sector sponsors in the United States and abroad, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) assembled a committee to develop guiding principles and a practical framework for the responsible sharing of clinical trial data.

Sugary drinks linked to earlier onset of menstrual periods.
Wednesday, January 28, 2015news article
Girls who frequently consume sugary drinks tend to start their menstrual periods earlier than girls who do not, according to new research. The findings are important not only because of the growing problem of childhood obesity in a number of developed countries, but also because starting periods earlier is linked to an increased risk of breast cancer later in life. ScienceDaily.
[See the study: Sugar-sweetened beverage consumption and age at menarche in a prospective study of US girls]

Association between ambient air pollution and diabetes mellitus in Europe and North America: systematic review and meta-analysis.
Wednesday, January 28, 2015journal article
Existing evidence indicates a positive association of air pollution and T2DM risk albeit there is high risk of bias. Environmental Health Perspectives.

Job opening: Urbana-Champaign, Illinois.
Wednesday, January 28, 2015job
The Family Resiliency Center at the University of Illinois seeks a project coordinator for the Children's Environmental Health Research Center at Illinois' Community and Outreach Translation Core. Applications must be received by February 6, 2015.

New infographic: Living Near Busy Roads or Traffic Pollution.
Wednesday, January 28, 2015announcement
From the Environmental Health Centers based at USC, this is the first in a series.

New video: Engaging Epigenetics: A Tool for Stakeholder Education.
Wednesday, January 28, 2015announcement
From the Center for Epigenetics, Environment and Health and the Center for Genomics and Healthcare Equality at the University of Washington, this short animated video introduces the concept of epigenetics by demonstrating the outcome of an environmentally induced epigenetic change.

The surprising dangers of CT scans and X-rays.
Wednesday, January 28, 2015news article
Researchers estimate that at least 2 percent of all future cancers in the U.S. -- approximately 29,000 cases and 15,000 deaths per year -- will stem from CT scans alone. Even some standard X-rays, which expose you to much smaller amounts of radiation, can pose risks if you undergo multiple ones. Consumer Reports.

Immunity: environment can have big impact.
Wednesday, January 28, 2015news article
Overall, about 58 percent of the difference in immune system responses could be traced to the environment -- not genes, the new study found. Student Science.
[See the study: Variation in the human immune system is largely driven by non-heritable influences]

No 'compelling evidence' BP oil spill sickened cleanup workers, Gulf Coast residents.
Wednesday, January 28, 2015news article
There is "no compelling evidence" the 2010 Gulf of Mexico oil spill damaged the health of cleanup workers and Gulf Coast residents, and there is no reason to believe longer-term studies will expose chronic illnesses linked to the disaster, a public health expert testified Monday, Jan. 26. New Orleans Times-Picayune, Louisiana.

Hostos College in Bronx to offer a food studies program.
Wednesday, January 28, 2015news article
The new program will go beyond the traditional culinary classes offered at many schools to provide students with a broad overview of food policy, social justice, environment, health, science and business. New York Times.

CHE-Alaska call February 4th: Only One Chance: How Contaminants in Our Environment Impair Brain Development.
Tuesday, January 27, 2015event
Philippe Grandjean, MD, PhD, will present the latest evidence of which environmental chemicals are considered to be harmful to children and discuss how we must protect future generations from exposure.

Association of arsenic with adverse pregnancy outcomes -- infant mortality: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Tuesday, January 27, 2015journal article
Arsenic is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes and infant mortality. The interpretation of the causal association is hampered by methodological challenges and limited studies on dose-response. Environmental Health Perspectives.

Associations between air pollution and perceived stress: the Veterans Administration Normative Aging Study.
Tuesday, January 27, 2015journal article
Air pollution was associated with higher levels of perceived stress in this sample of older men, particularly in colder months for specific pollutants. Environmental Health.

Association of lead and cadmium exposure with frailty in US older adults.
Tuesday, January 27, 2015journal article
In the US older adult population, blood lead but not urine cadmium concentrations showed a direct dose-response relationship with frailty. These findings support that lead exposure increases frailty in older adults. Environmental Research.

Urban greenness and physical activity in a national survey of Canadians.
Tuesday, January 27, 2015journal article
A key finding was the observation of a stronger association between greenness and measures of physical activity among younger adults, especially women. Environmental Research.

Megacities air pollution problems: Mexico City Metropolitan Area critical issues on the central nervous system pediatric impact.
Tuesday, January 27, 2015journal article
The emerging picture for MCMA children shows systemic inflammation, immunodysregulation at both systemic and brain levels, oxidative stress, neuroinflammation, small blood vessel pathology, and an intrathecal inflammatory process, along with the early neuropathological hallmarks for Alzheimer and Parkinson's diseases. Environmental Research.

Associations between prenatal traffic-related air pollution exposure and birth weight: modification by sex and maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index.
Tuesday, January 27, 2015journal article
Associations of prenatal exposure to traffic-related air pollution and reduced birth weight were most evident in males born to obese mothers. Environmental Research.

New report: Review of California's Risk-Assessment Process for Pesticides.
Tuesday, January 27, 2015announcement
The California legislature asked the Department of Pesticide Regulation to arrange an independent peer review of the agency's risk-assessment practices to ensure that they are scientifically and technically credible.

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