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Announcements/News Feed

News and announcements related to environmental impacts on human health, collected from a multitude of sources, especially Environmental Health News. To subscribe to this feed, visit healthandenvironment.org/CHE.xml.

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Type of HRT linked to higher breast cancer risk.
Tuesday, August 23, 2016
A new study in the British Journal of Cancer suggests that women who have treatment that combines estrogen and progestin are almost three times more likely to get breast cancer than those who do not. WebMD Health News.
[See the study: Menopausal hormone therapy and breast cancer: what is the true size of the increased risk?]

Health care sector demands sustainable meat and poultry.
Tuesday, August 23, 2016
Leading health systems urge food producers, manufacturers, and supply chain to offer more sustainably raised meat and poultry products, starting with those raised without routine antibiotics. Health Care Without Harm.

First trimester phthalate exposure and male newborn genital anomalies.
Tuesday, August 23, 2016
First trimester urinary DEHP metabolite concentrations were associated with increased odds of any newborn genital anomaly, and this association was primarily driven by isolated hydrocele which made up the majority of anomalies in newborn males. Environmental Research.

Implementing the US air quality standard for PM2.5 worldwide can prevent millions of premature deaths per year.
Tuesday, August 23, 2016
With the 2012 revised US standard of 12 μg/m3 premature mortality by PM2.5 could drop by 46% worldwide; 4% in the US and 20% in the EU, 69% in China, 49% in India and 36% in Pakistan. Environmental Health.

Cloth masks offer poor protection against air pollution.
Tuesday, August 23, 2016
Results of a new study by environmental health scientists at the University of Massachusetts Amherst suggest that inexpensive cloth masks worn by people who hope to reduce their exposure to air pollution vary widely in effectiveness and could be giving users a false sense of security, especially in highly polluted areas. EurekAlert!
[See the study: Evaluating the efficacy of cloth facemasks in reducing particulate matter exposure]

New study challenges assumption of asbestos' ability to move in soil.
Tuesday, August 23, 2016
Researchers found that dissolved organic matter contained within the soil sticks to the asbestos particles, creating a change of the electric charge on the outside of the particle that allows it to easily move through the soil. EurekAlert!

CARD Clinic study: asbestos exposure linked to autoimmune diseases.
Tuesday, August 23, 2016
During the last 15 years, substantial evidence has shown a strong link between Libby amphibole asbestos and higher risks of autoimmune diseases and disorders, the Center for Asbestos Related Disease announced on Aug. 15. Libby Western News, Montana.

Health official warns Zika could spread across US Gulf.
Tuesday, August 23, 2016
One of the top US public health officials on Sunday warned that the mosquito-borne Zika virus could extend its reach across the U.S. Gulf Coast after officials last week confirmed it as active in the popular tourist destination of Miami Beach. Reuters.

More moms are breastfeeding their babies — but not for long enough, experts say.
Tuesday, August 23, 2016
More than 80 percent of U.S. mothers breastfeed their newborns, a new survey finds, but fewer than a third keep doing so for the recommended minimum of one year, a new survey finds. NBC News.

Why scientists are losing the fight to communicate science to the public.
Tuesday, August 23, 2016
Scientists and science communicators are engaged in a constant battle with ignorance. But that's an approach doomed to failure. The Guardian.
[See a related new report: Effective Chemistry Communication in Informal Environments]

Andrology special issue: Endocrine Disruption and Reproductive Health.
Monday, August 22, 2016
This July 2016 issue includes studies on health issues including reproduction, cancer, behavior, learning disabilitles and body fat, plus costs associated with EDC-related diseases and disorders.

Two labs return wildly differing results for water in Ringwood.
Monday, August 22, 2016
Concentrations of the chemical, 1,4-dioxane, were significantly higher in tests conducted in late May by Ringwood's environmental consultants than those performed at the same time by the Ford Motor Co., according to a report issued this month by the carmaker's engineers. NorthJersey.com.

New report: Behind the Dazzling Smile: Toxic Ingredients in Your Toothpaste.
Monday, August 22, 2016
From the Cornucopia Institute, this report will help consumers understand potential risks of common toothpaste ingredients.

Mouse study suggests antibiotics in kids might help spur type 1 diabetes.
Monday, August 22, 2016
After three antibiotic treatments, the researchers saw an "accelerated and enhanced rate of type 1 diabetes in the mice," said Dr. Martin Blaser, a professor of translational medicine and microbiology at NYU Langone Medical Center in New York City. HealthDay.
[See the study: Antibiotic-mediated gut microbiome perturbation accelerates development of type 1 diabetes in mice]

Chemicals banned decades ago linked to increased autism risk today.
Monday, August 22, 2016
According to the research, children born after being exposed to the highest levels of certain compounds of the chemicals, called organochlorine chemicals, during their mother's pregnancy were roughly 80 percent more likely to be diagnosed with autism when compared to individuals with the very lowest levels of these chemicals. Medical Xpress.
[See the study: Polychlorinated biphenyl and organochlorine pesticide concentrations in maternal mid-pregnancy serum samples: association with autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disability]

BPA exposure is linked to changes in parenting behavior in male mice as well as females.
Monday, August 22, 2016
Rosenfeld found that developmental exposure to bisphenol A in mice reduced maternal investment. That is, time spent nursing and time spent in the nest decreased if the mother was exposed to BPA. Likewise — and this is what is novel, Rosenfeld says — the study found that the dads who were also exposed to bisphenol A spent less time in the nest with their pups. If both parents were developmentally exposed to BPA, both reduced their parental investment. Public Radio International.
[See the 2015 study: Disruption of parenting behaviors in California mice, a monogamous rodent species, by endocrine disrupting chemicals]

Air Force alone in halting use of foam that tainted wells.
Monday, August 22, 2016
The Air Force said last week that it would stop using the firefighting foam that over years contaminated some local water supplies, but no other military branch has a public plan to ban the foam at its bases. Philadelphia Inquirer, Pennsylvania.

Years after mining stops, uranium's legacy lingers on Native land.
Monday, August 22, 2016
Some 90 percent of uranium milling in the United States took place on or just outside the boundaries of Native American reservations, according to a 2015 study. This left a legacy of dirty water, leftover toxic waste and health problems such as lung cancer and developmental delays for children in many Western tribes. Environmental Health News.
[See a related story: Tainted water imperils health, traditions for Montana tribe]

CHE call Wednesday: Ensuring a Healthy Environment for All Children: the Need for Research, Policy, and Urgent Action.
Sunday, August 21, 2016
Nsedu Obot Witherspoon will discuss national initiatives as well as the role of the Children's Environmental Health Network which works to promote the development of sound public health and child-focused national policy; stimulate prevention-oriented research; educate health professionals, policy makers and community members in preventive strategies; and elevate public awareness of environmental hazards to children. This call is hosted by CHE-Alaska. 

Toxic legacy of US assault on Fallujah 'worse than Hiroshima.'
Sunday, August 21, 2016
Their claims have been supported by a survey showing a four-fold increase in all cancers and a 12-fold increase in childhood cancer in under-14s. Infant mortality in the city is more than four times higher than in neighbouring Jordan and eight times higher than in Kuwait. The Independent, United Kingdom.

Acetaminophen vs ibuprofen does not worsen childhood asthma.
Sunday, August 21, 2016
As-needed acetaminophen vs ibuprofen was not associated with more asthma exacerbations or worse asthma control among young children with mild persistent asthma, according to a randomized clinical trial published in the August 18 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine. Medscape.
[See the study: Acetaminophen versus ibuprofen in young children with mild persistent asthma]

New issue: Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology.
Sunday, August 21, 2016
Several articles related to metals exposures, especially arsenic, cadmium and lead, are featured in this September/October issue.

Estimating inorganic arsenic exposure from US rice and total water intakes.
Sunday, August 21, 2016
An average consumer drinking 1.5 L of water daily that contains between 2 and 3 ng iAs/mL is exposed to approximately the same amount of iAs as a mean Tribal, Asian, and Pacific consumer is exposed to from rice. Environmental Health Perspectives.

Historical trends in PM2.5-related premature mortality during 1990-2010 across the Northern Hemisphere.
Sunday, August 21, 2016
Over the past two decades, correlations between population and PM2.5 have become weaker in Europe and North America due to air pollution controls but stronger in East Asia due to deteriorating air quality. Mitigation of primary PM appears to be the most efficient way for increasing health benefits, i.e., providing the largest mortality reduction per unit emissions. However, reductions in emissions of NH3 are needed to maximize the effectiveness of NOx emission controls. Environmental Health Perspectives.

Soy formula and epigenetic modifications: analysis of vaginal epithelial cells from infant girls in the IFED study.
Sunday, August 21, 2016
Girls fed soy formula have altered DNA methylation in vaginal cell DNA which may be associated with decreased expression of an estrogen-responsive gene. Environmental Health Perspectives.

Reassessing the link between airborne arsenic exposure among Anaconda Copper Smelter workers and multiple causes of death using the parametric g-formula.
Sunday, August 21, 2016
Our analyses suggest that the excess deaths from causes other than respiratory cancers comprise the majority of the excess deaths caused by inhaled arsenic exposure. Environmental Health Perspectives.

India air pollution death rate to outpace China - researcher.
Sunday, August 21, 2016
The increase in people dying in India from air pollution will outpace the rate of such deaths in China, as India drags its heels over environmental rules while opening more coal mines, the head of a U.S. research group said on Thursday. Reuters.

Zika might affect adult brains, too, study finds.
Sunday, August 21, 2016
Tests in mice suggest the virus can get to and damage immature brain cells in adults — something that indicates Zika infection may not be as harmless for grown-ups as doctors have believed. NBC News.
[See the study: Zika virus infects neural progenitors in the adult mouse brain and alters proliferation]

How social spending affects health outcomes.
Thursday, August 18, 2016
The United States spends more on health care than any other developed nation, yet a recent study suggests social services has a greater impact on health outcomes. Culture of Health.
[See the study: Variation in health outcomes: the role of spending on social services, public health, and health care, 2000–09]

Chemicals are hurting brain development.
Thursday, August 18, 2016
An unprecedented alliance of leading scientists, health professionals, and children's health advocates has come together to publish a consensus statement concluding that scientific evidence supports a causal link between exposures to toxic chemicals in food, air and everyday products and children's risks for neurodevelopmental disorders. San Francisco Medicine.

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