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Announcements/News Feed

News and announcements related to environmental impacts on human health, collected from a multitude of sources, especially Environmental Health News. To subscribe to this feed, visit healthandenvironment.org/CHE.xml.

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MORE EVENTS

More events are listed in a searchable calendar. The calendar now includes calls for proposals and for presentation abstracts.

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Items from the previous two months or so are archived on the news feed subscription page.

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NIEHS meeting Monday and Tuesday: The Interplay between Environmental Exposures and Obesity.
Thursday, February 26, 2015event
The workshop will explore the role of chemical exposures in the development of obesity through sessions focused on a lifespan view, possible biologic pathways and environmental influences, and effects of food additives and antibiotics. The meeting will be held both online and in North Carolina.

Birth outcomes and background exposures to select elements, the Longitudinal Investigation of Fertility and the Environment (LIFE).
Thursday, February 26, 2015journal article
Overall, associations were most consistently indicated for gestational age at delivery and measures of birth size with urine W (tungsten) and U (uranium), and paternal exposures were more frequently associated than maternal. Environmental Research.

Road traffic noise and markers of obesity -- a population-based study.
Thursday, February 26, 2015journal article
In an adult urban Scandinavian population, road traffic noise was positively associated with obesity markers among highly noise sensitive women. The associations appeared stronger among men with bedroom facing a street, representing a population with more accurately assigned exposure. Environmental Research.

The influence of obesity on blood mercury levels for U.S. non-pregnant adults and children: NHANES 2007-2010.
Thursday, February 26, 2015journal article
After adjusting for the main, if not exclusive, exogenous source of methylmercury exposure (through fish/shellfish intake) and other confounders, our results support potential changes in the metabolism, distribution or excretion of methylmercury with increasing BMI (for adults). Environmental Research.

Effects of prenatal exposure to silver nanoparticles on spatial cognition and hippocampal neurodevelopment in rats.
Thursday, February 26, 2015journal article
Maternal exposure to uncoated silver nanoparticles during pregnancy impaired spatial cognition in rat offspring. Environmental Research.

Key determinants of the fungal and bacterial microbiomes in homes.
Thursday, February 26, 2015journal article
Some key determinants of the fungal and bacterial microbiome appear to be excess moisture, age of the home and dog ownership. Environmental Research.

Elucidating the links between endocrine disruptors and neurodevelopment.
Thursday, February 26, 2015journal article
This manuscript highlights research efforts and pinpoints approaches that could shed light on the possible associations between environmental chemicals that act on the endocrine system and compromised neurodevelopmental outcomes. Endocrinology.

Maternal exposure to perfluorinated chemicals and reduced fecundity: the MIREC study.
Thursday, February 26, 2015journal article
Our results add to the evidence that exposure to PFOA and PFHxS, even at lower levels than previously reported, may reduce fecundability. Human Reproduction.
[See a related article: Female exposure to phenols and phthalates and time to pregnancy: the Maternal-Infant Research on Environmental Chemicals (MIREC) study]

Drinking coffee may lower risk of multiple sclerosis.
Thursday, February 26, 2015news article
People who drink four to six cups of coffee daily may be less likely to get multiple sclerosis, according to international research out Thursday. Agence France-Presse.

Brain cancer drop despite mobile phone use.
Thursday, February 26, 2015news article
A New Zealand study has concluded that cellphone use does not increase the risk of brain tumours. Radio New Zealand, New Zealand.

Young Indians learn to fight pollution to save lives.
Thursday, February 26, 2015news article
A new study, published Saturday in the Economic & Political Weekly, shows that 660 million people -- half the population -- live in areas where fine particulate matter pollution is above levels considered safe under Indian standards. Morning Edition, NPR.
[See the study: Lower pollution, longer lives: life expectancy gains if India reduced particulate matter pollution]

Chemical in BPA-free products linked to irregular heartbeats.
Thursday, February 26, 2015news article
New research published Thursday suggests that an ingredient that has replaced BPA in many items may have a similar effect on the heart. National Geographic News.
[See the study: Rapid responses and mechanism of action for low-dose bisphenol S on ex vivo rat hearts and isolated myocytes: evidence of female-specific proarrhythmic effects]

Politics, science, and public attitudes: what we're learning, and why it matters.
Thursday, February 26, 2015news article
The bad news is that everybody does it. The good news is that social scientists are making progress in understanding why people ignore solid scientific evidence in deciding what they think about all manner of science-based issues. Science.

Friday: 36th Annual Minority Health Conference.
Wednesday, February 25, 2015event
This year's conference will focus on the impact of socioeconomic factors on minority health, with an emphasis on health disparities in the aftermath of the recession. The conference takes place in North Carolina and online.

Association of hypothyroidism with low-level arsenic exposure in rural West Texas.
Wednesday, February 25, 2015journal article
The prevalence of hypothyroidism was significantly higher in Hispanics or non-Hispanic whites of this rural cohort than the national prevalence. Measures should be taken to reduce arsenic in drinking water in order to prevent hypothyroidism in rural areas. Environmental Research.

Evidence for dose-additive effects of a Type II pyrethroid mixture. In vitro assessment.
Wednesday, February 25, 2015journal article
The aim of this study was to evaluate the potency and efficacy of 6 Type II pyretroids to evoke induction of both nitric oxide and lipid peroxides levels measured as malondialdehyde in three in vitro models as well as to test the hypothesis of dose additivity for mixtures of these same 6 pyrethroids. Environmental Research.

Omega-3 fatty acids, vitamin D may control brain serotonin, affecting behavior and psychiatric disorders.
Wednesday, February 25, 2015news article
Although essential marine omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin D have been shown to improve cognitive function and behavior in the context of certain brain disorders, the underlying mechanism has been unclear. In a new paper, serotonin is explained as the possible missing link tying together why vitamin D and marine omega-3 fatty acids might ameliorate the symptoms associated with a broad array of brain disorders. ScienceDaily.
[See the study: Vitamin D and the omega-3 fatty acids control serotonin synthesis and action, part 2: relevance for ADHD, bipolar, schizophrenia, and impulsive behavior]

Widely used food additives promotes colitis, obesity and metabolic syndrome, shows study of emulsifiers.
Wednesday, February 25, 2015news article
Emulsifiers, which are added to most processed foods to aid texture and extend shelf life, can alter the gut microbiota composition and localization to induce intestinal inflammation that promotes the development of inflammatory bowel disease and metabolic syndrome, new research shows. ScienceDaily.
[See the study: Dietary emulsifiers impact the mouse gut microbiota promoting colitis and metabolic syndrome]

Risk factors for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.
Wednesday, February 25, 2015journal article
We first review factors related to lifestyle choices, including smoking, intake of antioxidants, physical fitness, body mass index, and physical exercise, followed by factors related to occupational and environmental exposures, including electromagnetic fields, metals, pesticides, β-methylamino-L-alanine, and viral infection. Clinical Epidemiology.

Bacterial growth rates are influenced by cellular characteristics of individual species when immersed in electromagnetic fields.
Wednesday, February 25, 2015journal article
Extremely low-frequency electromagnetic field (ELF-EMF) conditions significantly affected the rates of growth of the bacterial cultures, while the two static magnetic field conditions were not statistically significant. Microbiological Research.

Coping with earthquakes induced by fluid injection.
Wednesday, February 25, 2015news article
A paper published today in Science provides a case for increasing transparency and data collection to enable strategies for mitigating the effects of human-induced earthquakes caused by wastewater injection associated with oil and gas production in the United States. US Geological Survey Newsroom.
[See the paper: Coping with earthquakes induced by fluid injection]

Sauna use associated with reduced risk of cardiac, all-cause mortality.
Wednesday, February 25, 2015news article
A sauna may do more than just make you sweat. A new study suggests men who engaged in frequent sauna use had reduced risks of fatal cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality, according to a new article. ScienceDaily.
[See the study: Association between sauna bathing and fatal cardiovascular and all-cause mortality events]

Call for applicants: Public Health Fellowship in Government.
Wednesday, February 25, 2015announcement
The APHA Public Health Fellowship in Government is designed to provide a unique public policy learning experience, to demonstrate the value of science-government interaction, and to make a contribution to enhancing public health science and practical knowledge in government. The application, including a CV and three letters of recommendation, is due to APHA on March 9, 2015.

Call for comments: Scientific Report of the 2015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee.
Wednesday, February 25, 2015announcement
The public is encouraged to submit written comments to the federal government on the Advisory Report. Public comments will be accepted through midnight EDT on April 8, 2015.
[See a related editorial: How should we eat?]

Call for proposals: Agriculture and Food Research Initiative.
Wednesday, February 25, 2015call for proposals
Seven separate Requests for Applications (RFAs) are available. Topics include food security, food safety, childhood obesity prevention and more.

Virginia Mason's 'superbug' protocol could be a model elsewhere.
Wednesday, February 25, 2015news article
After a "superbug" outbreak, Virginia Mason's new protocol to stop the dangerous bacteria from spreading on medical scopes may be an option for other hospitals, a CDC official said. Seattle Times, Washington.

The toxin hiding in your breakfast cereal.
Wednesday, February 25, 2015news article
Only 16 samples, all oat-based, were above the European Commission Regulations threshold. Their study found that oat-based cereals contained the highest OCA contamination, at 70 percent. It was followed by wheat-based, at 32 percent, and then corn and rice-based, both at 15 percent. Daily Beast.
[See the study: Significance of ochratoxin A in breakfast cereals from the United States]

Supreme Court review of mercury rules could impact Ohio.
Wednesday, February 25, 2015news article
A case currently before the Supreme Court could decide whether coal-fired power plants can escape federal rules for mercury and other hazardous air emissions. Midwest Energy News, United States.

WHO calls for more measles vaccination in Europe as large outbreaks persist.
Wednesday, February 25, 2015news article
The World Health Organization in Europe called on Wednesday for measles vaccination campaigns to be stepped up across the region after recording 22,000 cases of the highly infectious disease since the start of 2014. Reuters.

Wanted: 80,000 British babies for massive study.
Wednesday, February 25, 2015news article
An ambitious study that will follow 80,000 children from cradle to grave has launched in the United Kingdom, two months after a similar project in the United States ended in expensive failure. Nature.
[See more about the study: Life Study]

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