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Biomonitoring Reports

LDDI Biomonitoring Report, February 2010

logo from the Mind, Disrupted website

link to thhe reportLeading members of the Learning and Developmental Disabilities Initiative (LDDI), along with other colleagues in the environmental health field, released a new biomonitoring report, Mind, Disrupted: How Toxic Chemicals May Affect How We Think and Who We Are. The official press release occurred just prior to a Senate Hearing on chemical policy reform conducted by Senator Frank R. Lautenberg (D-NJ), Chairman of the Subcommittee on Superfund, Toxics, and Environmental Health. The Mind, Disrupted report and related fact sheets are available on the website: www.minddisrupted.org. The site includes recordings of the Senate Hearing on February 4th and the report release teleconference (on the Media tab). Read the press release from the report.

LDDI Analyses of Biomonitoring Reports from the CDC 

These summaries of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's biomonitoring/body burden reports focus specifically on neurotoxicants. They were prepared by the Initiative on Children's Environmental Health for the Learning and Developmental Disabilities Initiative (LDDI).

2005 Report

LDDI Analysis – CDC Biomonitoring 2005 Executive Summary (1 page, 12 KB PDF file)

LDDI Analysis – CDC Biomonitoring 2005 Full Summary (6 pages, 41 KB PDF file)

CDC National Report on Human Exposure to Environmental Chemicals (on the CDC website)

2003 Report

LDDI Analysis – CDC Biomonitoring 2003 Brief (2 pages, 24 KB PDF file)

LDDI Analysis – CDC Biomonitoring 2003 Summary (5 pages, 64 KB)

Biomonitoring Reports from Other Groups

cover of the reportToxic Exposures in the Green Mountain State from the Alliance for a Clean and Healthy Vermont and River Network. This November 2009 report analyzes four categories of chemicals -- bisphenol A, mercury, organochlorine pesticides and PBDE flame retardants.

cover of the reportNational Report on Human Exposure to Environmental Chemicals from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). This fourth report, published in 2009, is the most comprehensive assessment to date of the exposure of the U.S. population to chemicals in our environment.

cover of the reportEarliest Exposures from the Washington Toxics Coalition in collaboration with the Commonweal Biomonitoring Resource Center and the Toxic-Free Legacy Coalition. This 2009 study tested blood and urine from pregnant women during their second trimester of pregnancy and found their bodies contaminated with chemicals found in a wide variety of consumer products.

cover of the reportShaping Our Legacy: Reproductive Health and the Environment from the University of California San Francisco Program on Reproductive Health and the Environment. This 2008 report provides a nontechnical summary of the latest science on how exposure to chemicals may impair our reproductive health. It is also available in Spanish.

Fire Retardants in Toddlers and Their Mothers from the Environmental Working Group. This 2008 study found that toddlers and preschoolers typically had three times as much of these hormone-disrupting chemicals in their blood as their mothers. The study suggests that U.S. children one to four years of age bear the heaviest burden of flame retardant pollution in the industrialized world.

cover of the reportIs It in Us? Toxic Trespass, Regulatory Failure and Opportunities for Action from the Body Burden Working Group and Commonweal Biomonitoring Resource Center. This report from 2007 documents the results of blood and urine testing of 35 people from seven states for the presence of three classes of chemicals; phthalates, bisphenol A and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs). The project found all three classes of toxic chemicals in every person tested.

CDC Study Shows Boston Area Infants Exposed to Dangerous Rocket Fuel Ingredient through Breast Milk from the Environmental Working Group. This 2007 analysis of recently published data from scientists at the CDC and Boston University shows that infants are being exposed to dangerous levels of the rocket fuel component perchlorate.

cover of the reportPolluted Children, Toxic Nation from Environmental Defence was is the first Canadian study to test for harmful chemicals in children's bodies. The study tested children and parents from five Canadian families for 68 chemicals, such as pesticides, PCBs, stain repellants, flame retardants, mercury and lead. This June 2006 report is available in English and French.

Across Generations: Mothers and Daughters from the Environmental Working Group. This 2006 study found that each of the eight women's blood or urine was contaminated with an average of 35 consumer product ingredients, including flame retardants, plasticizers, and stain-proof coatings.

cover of the reportGenerations: Results of WWF’s European Family Biomonitoring Survey from the World Wildlife Fund. This 2005 report investigates the types and levels of chemical contamination in three generations (grandmothers, mothers and children, aged from 12 to 92 years) from families across Europe.

cover of the reportTaking It All In — Documenting Chemical Pollution in Californians Through Biomonitoring from the Commonweal Biomonitoring Resource Center (CBRC). This 2005 report measures the levels of over 25 varieties of six categories of chemicals: mercury, organochlorine pesticides (DDT), perfluorinated compounds (PFCs), polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), bisphenol A (BPA), and phthalates. All participants had detectable levels of at least one chemical in each of the six chemical categories.

cover of the reportPollution in People from the Toxic-Free Legacy Coalition. This report from 2005 tested ten Washington residents for six groups of chemicals: 1) the plasticizing chemicals known as phthalates; 2) the flame retardants PBDEs; 3) the heavy metals: lead, arsenic, and mercury; 4) perfluorinated chemicals like those used to make Teflon; 5) pesticides; and 6) banned, but persistent, PCBs and DDT.

Body Burden — The Pollution in Newborns from the Environmental Working Group in collaboration with Commonweal. In this 2005 study researchers at two major laboratories found an average of 200 industrial chemicals and pollutants in umbilical cord blood from 10 babies born in August and September of 2004 in U.S. hospitals. EWG has created a series of videos about this study.

Toxic Fire Retardants (PBDEs) in Human Breast Milk from the Environmental Working Group. This 2003 study found the average level of bromine-based fire retardants in the milk of 20 first-time mothers was 75 times the average found in recent European studies. 

Background Information on Biomonitoring

Human Biomonitoring of Environmental Chemicals by Ken Sexton, Larry L. Needham and James L. Pirkle. This article, published in American Scientist, describes goals and issues of biomonitoring.

Chemical Body Burden from Coming Clean. This site provides information for community groups, including a Community Monitoring Handbook. 

Key Components of a Successful Biomonitoring Program from the Breast Cancer Fund. Also see their Myths and Facts About Biomonitoring and Frequently Asked Questions About Biomonitoring.

Biomonitoring: Making a Difference from the CDC. This Flash presentation discusses how biomonitoring works and describes the goals and methods of the CDC's program.

Contaminated Without Consent from the Chemical Safety Workgroup, a coalition of public health and science-based NGOs working on toxics protections. This 16-minute video is available for groups and individuals to use to help inform communities about the hidden risks from chemical contaminants found in homes, workplaces, the products we buy, and even our bodies. 


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